gantlet

Ⅰ. gant·let1 (gônt’lĭt, gänt’-)
n. A section of double railroad tracks formed by the temporary convergence of two otherwise parallel tracks in such a way that each set remains independent while traversing the same ground, affording passage at a narrow place without need of switching.
tr.v. gant·let·ed, gant·let·ing, gant·lets To converge (railroad tracks) to form a gantlet.
[Variant of GAUNTLET(Cf. ↑gauntlet)2.]
gantlet1
Ⅱ. gant·let2 (gônt’lĭt, gänt’-)
n. Variant of GAUNTLET(Cf. ↑gauntlet)1.
Ⅲ. gant·let3 (gônt’lĭt, gänt’-)
n. Variant of GAUNTLET(Cf. gauntlet)2.
Ⅳ. gaunt·let1 also gant·let (gônt’lĭt, gänt’-)
n.
1. A protective glove, usually extending over some of the forearm, worn as part of medieval armor.
2. Any of various protective gloves, usually with an extended or flared cuff, as used in certain sports such as fencing and motorcycle riding, in cooking to handle hot objects, and other activities.
3. A challenge: »

throw down the gauntlet; take up the gauntlet.

4. A dress glove cuffed above the wrist.
[Middle English, from Old French gantelet, diminutive of gant, glove, from Frankish *want.]
gauntlet1
late 16th-century English
Ⅴ. gaunt·let2 also gant·let (gônt’lĭt, gänt’-)
n. 1) a) A form of punishment or torture in which people armed with sticks or other weapons arrange themselves in two lines facing each other and beat the person forced to run between them. b) The lines of people so arranged. 2) a) An arrangement of two lines of menacing or demanding people or things through which one must pass: »

moved through a gauntlet of shouting reporters.

b) A series of difficult or trying experiences: »

survived the gauntlet of adolescent humiliations.

[Alteration (influenced by GAUNTLET(Cf. ↑gauntlet)1) of gantlope, from Swedish gatlopp : gata, lane (from Old Norse; see ghē-) + lopp, course, running (from Middle Low German lōp).]
Word History: The two words spelled gauntlet may share associations with medieval violence, but they have separate origins. The word gauntlet used in the idiom to throw down the gauntlet comes from the Old French word gantelet, a diminutive of gant, "glove." (The idiom makes reference to the medieval custom of throwing down a glove in challenging an adversary to combat.) The gauntlet used in to run the gauntlet is an alteration of the earlier English form gantlope, which came from the Swedish word gatlopp, a compound of gata, "lane," and lopp, "course," a word related to lope and leap. The Swedish word for this traditional form of punishment, in which two lines of people beat a person forced to run between them, probably became known to English speakers as a result of the Thirty Years' War. Sweden played a leading role in the coalition of Protestant countries that fought against Spain and the Holy Roman Empire, and at the end of the war, in 1648, the Swedish empire emerged as a great power of Europe. It was during this period of expanding Swedish influence that gatlopp entered English. It seems, however, that from the moment English speakers borrowed the word, they inserted an n into the pronunciation of gatlopp—in the earliest known attestation of the word in English, dating from 1646, it is spelled gantelope. The English word was then influenced by the spelling of the other gauntlet, "a protective glove," eventually leading to the identical spellings used today.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gantlet — Gant let, n. [Gantlet is corrupted fr. gantlope; gantlope is for gatelope, Sw. gatlopp, orig., a running down a lane; gata street, lane + lopp course, career, akin to l[ o]pa to run. See {Gate} a way, and {Leap}.] A military punishment formerly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gantlet — gantlet1 [gônt′lit, gänt′lit, gant′lit] n. [earlier gantlope < Swed gatlopp, a running down a lane < gata, lane (akin to Ger gasse: see GAIT) + lopp, a run, akin to LEAP] 1. a) a former military punishment in which the offender had to run… …   English World dictionary

  • Gantlet — Gant let, n. A glove. See {Gauntlet}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gantlet — GANTLÉT s. n. mănuşă pentru armură, acoperită cu lame de fier. (< fr., engl. gantelet) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • gantlet — see GAUNTLET (Cf. gauntlet) (1) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gantlet — gantlet1 /gant lit, gawnt /, n. 1. Railroads. a track construction used in narrow places, in which two parallel tracks converge so that their inner rails cross, run parallel, and diverge again, thus allowing a train to remain on its own track at… …   Universalium

  • gantlet — See gantlet, gauntlet, gamut …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • gantlet — Synonyms and related words: battle cry, bid to combat, brass knuckles, cesta, cestus, challenge, confinement, dare, defi, defy, dismemberment, double dare, estrapade, gage, gage of battle, galleys, gauntlet, glove, handwear, hard labor,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • gantlet —  , gauntlet  For the sense of running between two lines of aggressors (whether literally or metaphorically) the normal spelling is gantlet, though gauntlet is usually also accepted. For the idea of a glove thrown down in challenge, the invariable …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • gantlet — US var. of GAUNTLET(2). * * * gantlet obs. form of gauntlet …   Useful english dictionary

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